Racial tensions come full circle in Spike Lee’s enthralling film ‘BlacKkKlansman’

 By Douglas Davidson

August 2, 2018

Director Spike Lee has never been known to mince words and his latest project, BlacKkKlansman, hits like a sledgehammer in the gut. Lee utilizes the memoir of Ron Stallworth, the first black police officer in Colorado Springs, Colorado, to tell two parallel stories: racist America in the ’70s and racist America today. In general, audiences tend to separate reality from fiction, even when that film is inspired by true events. By utilizing rhetoric from the past as it’s resurfaced today, as well as several fourth-wall-breaking moments which Lee’s known for, BlacKkKlansman isn’t just a comedic tale of when the Klu Klux Klan was bamboozled by a black man, but a clarion call that the battles of the past are not over.  

Adam Driver as Detective Flip Zimmerman and John David Washington as Detective Ron Stallworth courtesy of Focus Features

This memoir is based upon the memoir Black Klansman, telling the story of civic-minded Ron Stallworth (John David Washington) as the first black recruit accepted as a member of the Colorado Springs police force. When an opportunity to go undercover at an event hosted by the Colorado Black Student Union for the narcotics division arises, Stallworth jumps at the chance to prove himself, and lands a new position within the Intelligence division. Stallworth soon comes across an ad for the local Klu Klux Klan outfit and makes an information request, unintentionally setting off his own undercover operation. Roping in Jewish detective Flip Zimmerman (Adam Driver), and his partner Jimmy (Michael Buscemi), the trio set about the grandest, most ridiculous, and incredibly dangerous task of infiltrating the KKK and befriending the Grand Wizard himself, David Duke (Topher Grace).

Despite what the marketing tells you, BlacKkKlansman is neither an action movie nor a comedy, but that doesn’t stop it from being enthralling or hilarious. The movie has a thoughtful slow burn where the comedic moments occur in reaction to the ridiculousness of the premise without ever diminishing the severity of danger that Stallworth and Zimmerman place themselves in. Sometimes the hilarity stemming from Stallworth’s naiveté is also the source of the enthralling terror: such as Stallworth using his real name and address when contacting the KKK.

Topher Grace as David Duke courtesy of Focus Features

While it may be based upon the real events of Stallworth’s life, everything about BlacKkKlansman exudes Lee’s style. In one scene, as Stallworth listens to Stokely Carmichael (Corey Hawkins) address the Colorado Black Student Union, the faces of the audience fill the screen one-by-one, making us bear witness to both the ideas and the real people those ideas signify. In another particularly moving scene, Lee juxtaposes a meeting of the KKK against another meeting of the Black Student Union. As one group shouts “White Power” amid snippets of D. W. Griffith’s racist 1915 film The Birth of A Nation, the other shouts “All Power For All People” while actual postcards depicting the aftermath of a lynching are displayed. There is no question which of these two meetings is in the right and which is in the wrong.

One troubling aspect of BlacKkKlansman is the focus on story over character. This becomes problematic as there’s a slew of characters that matter in the whole of the film, yet twenty minutes go by before we even find out Stallworth’s name. It’s another hour or so before we learn Zimmerman’s. Lee makes sure to take his time with cinematic embellishments – like lovely establishing shots of Colorado Springs, an extended dance number at a local bar – but introducing the characters so that the audience knows who these people are seems secondary to making commentary on race relations. Lee’s agenda pulls focus from the narrative in order to remind the audience as frequently as it can about the racial divide that continues to exist in our country. The audience is keenly aware that racial tension is a grave matter in the film and it’s one that gets quite a few decent laughs due to its clever staging, however, Lee’s continual hammering away grows stronger the deeper the audience goes into the film. Even pulling back slightly would reduce the encroaching feeling of preaching and enable the story to lead the way.

Courtesy of Focus Features

While Lee’s agenda may take priority, there’s no denying the significance nor the impact of the message. KKK members have signs on their lawns stating “America: Love It or Leave It,” members declare a desire to put “America first,” and Duke declares a desire to “make America great.” For audiences that somehow still don’t get it, Lee ends the film with a devastating juxtaposition of past and present. Amid all the chuckles in  BlacKkKlansman, Lee is screaming that history is coming back to haunt us and we have to do something about it. It’s not about power for one, but all power for all the people.

Star Rating: 4 out of 5.

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